I was born in Gibraltar and raised in Manchester, England. After leaving school, I spent several years as a backpacker in Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia and Latin America. I worked as a truck driver in the Northern Territory of Australia, a teacher of English as a foreign language in Buenos Aires, Argentina and a multilingual tourist guide in Berlin, Germany during this time. At the age of 30, I enrolled as a mature student at Manchester Polytechnic (now Manchester Metropolitan University) and graduated with a first-class honours degree in Psychology. I then received an MPhil in History and Philosophy of Science from the University of Cambridge and a PhD in Psychology (history and theory option) from York University in Toronto, Canada. After teaching in the psychology departments at Oglethorpe University in Atlanta, USA and University College Dublin in Ireland for over 20 years, I took early retirement in order to concentrate on writing and editing. I am now an independent scholar based in Manchester, England.